Atribut Sang Jendral

Ternyata, sepeninggal Jendral Soedirman, beliau masih meninggalkan benda-benda bersejarah yang dewasa ini terpampang di dinding-dinding Museum, penasaran?

TIK dan Trend IT? Sama saja, tuh....

Orang-orang bilang belajar TIK itu gak penting, karena susah! Eitts, siapa bilang? Yuk simak 'saweran' Filza tentang TIK!

Kata Rifi: SMA itu Seru Banget!

Rifi membungkus cerita SMA-nya dengan bungkusan warna-warni, penasaran bagaimana kisah SMA dia? Baca lebih lanjut

Belajar Singkat Bahasa Jepang, yuk!

Nashir ingin membagi-bagi ilmu 'Ke-Jepangannya' dengan caranya sendiri. Hemm, memangnya benar belajar bahasa Jepang itu tidak sulit?

Simak Review Museum Polisi!

Salah satu penyawer, Adipa Rizky, mengadakan kunjungan museum Polri di Blok M. Penasaran bagaimana kisah singkat 60 menit yang dialaminya?


Saturday morning me and my friends are Anggi, Dita, Ferdie, Faisal, and Arsa opportunity to visit the National Museum. National Museum, also called Elephant Museum is located in Central Jakarta, precisely near the National Monument (Monas).
We set off using the Busway. Roughly from Al-Azhar stop about 15 minutes away. When we arrived at the National Museum to buy tickets. After buying the tickets we bought a book about the collection in the National Museum. It contained a description of the book of various museum collections. Next we saw the collection of this museum.
The first collection that I admire is the Statue of Brahma. According to the teachings of Hinduism, Brahma (Dewanagari: ब्रह्मा;, IAST: Brahma,) is the creator god. In Adwaita philosophy, he is seen as one manifestation of Brahman (the name of God in the concept of Hinduism) who holds the creator god. Brahma is often mentioned in the book of the Upanishads and Bhagawadgita. In Bhagawadgita scripture, Brahma appears in chapter 8 Sloka of the 17th and 18th; Chapter 14 Sloka the 3rd and 4th; Chapter 15 Sloka the 16th and the 17th. In these verses, Brahma is touted as the creator god, who created the universe for the blessings of God Almighty. In Bhagawadgita also mentioned, during the day for Brahma is equal to one Kalpa, and Brahma Kalpa live for a hundred years, after that he passed away and returned again to its origin, that is God Almighty. According to Hinduism, Brahma is one of the Trimurti (Brahma, Vishnu, Shiva). Lord Brahma also holds as a god of knowledge and wisdom. Some wise man gave him the title as the god of fire. Goddess Saraswati Brahma magic, which lose all of science to the world. According to Hindu mythology, Lord Brahma was born by itself (without the mother) of the lotus flower that grows in the Lord Vishnu at the creation of the universe. Another legend says that Lord Brahma was born from the water. There Brahman sow the seeds that became the golden egg. From the golden egg, Brahma the creator was born. Another golden egg material into Brahmanda, or egg of the universe. According to ancient stories, at the creation of the universe, Prajapati Brahma created ten, which is said to be the fathers (forefathers) the first man. According Manusmrti, Prajapati ten are: Marichi, Atri, Anggirasa, Pulastya, Pulaha, Kratu, Wasistha, Praceta or Daksha, Briegu, and Narada. He also allegedly created the seven great poets called Sapta Rsi to help him create the universe. According to the story behind the writing of the Ramayana, Lord Brahma blessed the sage Valmiki to write the story of Ramayana, tells the history of Rama who at that time was ruled in Ayodhya. Lord Brahma having characteristics in accordance with the character he had. There are common traits possessed of Brahma, namely: ब्रह्मा

* A four-faced look to the four corners of the compass (chess face), which, on each face echoed one of the four Vedas.
* Four-armed, each carrying:

1. Lotus Wand, sometimes spoon (known as the god Brahma Yadnya or ceremony)
2. Weda / scripture
3. Arc
4. Genitri

* Riding hamsa (swan) or sitting on a lotus
Brahma Kalpa live for a hundred years. Kalpa one year equal to 3,110,400,000,000 years. After a hundred years of Kalpa, the Lord Shiva took his role as god fuser to melt the universe and its contents to be returned to its origin. After that, Brahma as the creator dies, and the universe can be recreated by the will of God.
The second collection is the Menhir. Menhir that I see coming from the East Nusa Tenggara. Menhir is a term for the length of the standing stones are made on the Megalithic (large stone age). Megalithic prehistoric future society, Menhir created as a memorial stone that is closely related with worship of the ancestors (ancestors). At first, menhir is only made plain in its development but menhirs are made with a variety of ornamental motifs generally contain a specific meaning usually associated with the ancestors and the symbol of greatness. Decorative motifs, among others; geometric, animal and human face (mask). In the menhirs of East Nusa Tenggara looks equipped with decorative animal motifs lizard on the front and rear body menhirs. At the front of the menhirs, lizard looks stylized ornamental motif (distilir) that resembles a human face. Lizard ornamental motif is considered as the symbol of the ancestors and is believed to have magical powers to refuse reinforcements. In East Nusa Tenggara, menhirs are usually set up in front of the graves an elder / or a public figure who has a high social status. Establishment of menhirs is equipped with a variety of decorative motifs and some are equipped with a statue on it as a symbol of the deceased.
The third collection is the inscription. Inscription is a charter or a document written in hard materials and durable. The discovery of an inscription on a number of archaeological sites, marking the end of prehistoric times, the scene of the ancient history of Indonesia where people are not familiar with writing, to the era of history, where people already familiar with writing. Who studied the science of the inscription is called epigraphy. Among the various sources of ancient history of Indonesia, such as scripts and foreign news, the inscription is considered the most important source because it can provide a chronology of events. There are many things that make a very lucrative world of the inscriptions of the past research. Besides containing the elements of the calendar, the inscription also reveals a number of name and the reason why the inscription was issued. In the modern sense in Indonesia, the inscription is often associated with the epitaph or in the building, especially at the time of laying the first stone or inauguration of a development project. In the news media, for example, we often hear the president, vice president, minister, or head region inaugurated building A, building B, and so on with a ribbon cutting and the signing of the inscription. Thus the term inscriptions remain stable until now. The word comes from Sanskrit inscriptions, with the actual meaning is "praise". But then regarded as a "charter, edict, decree, statute, or writing". Among archaeologists called the stele inscriptions, while among the common people called inscribed stone or stone inscribed. Although it means "praise", not all contain inscriptions of praise (the king). Most of the inscriptions known to contain a decision on the establishment of a village or a region or regions sima fief. Sima is land granted by the king or ruler to the people that are considered meritorious. Therefore the existence of land protected by the royal sima. The contents of other inscriptions in the form of court decisions on civil matters (called inscription jayapatra or jayasong), as a sign of victory (jayacikna), concerning debts (suddhapatra), and of a curse or swear. The inscription of a curse or swear almost all of them written during the Srivijaya kingdom. And unisex inscription which contains about genealogy king or the origin of a figure. In the days of the Islamic empire, and the inscriptions using the Arabic alphabet or Arabic script but the script Pegon Malay. Most of the inscriptions found on copper plates inscribed, tombs, mosques, wall hangings, both in the mosque and the home of the nobility, the ring seal and the royal stamp, currency, guns, etc.. During the younger yaiyu the colonial period, the Latin alphabet is widely used, including the languages ​​English, Portuguese, and Dutch. Latin inscriptions are generally found in churches, official residence of colonial officials, forts, monuments, cannons, currency, stamps, and the tomb. Beraksara and Chinese inscriptions are also known in Indonesia who are spread between the Classical period until the Islamic period. The inscription was found on the currency, porcelain objects, bronze gongs and tomb stones are usually made of marble rocks. The material used to write inscriptions usually a stone or metal plates, leaves, and paper. In addition to andesite, the rock used is limestone, marble, and basalt. In archeology, the stone inscription called upala inscription. Inscription metal which is generally made of copper and bronze, commonly called Tamra inscription. Only a few inscriptions are made from sheets of silver and gold. There is also disebutripta inscription, which is an inscription written on palm leaves or mentally. Some inscriptions are made of clay or tablets that are filled with Buddhist mantras. Last collection is Gamelan Bantam. Comes from the Javanese Gamelan. Name gamelan refers to the method of how to play the instrument, that is by hitting because the music is almost entirely in the category of percussion. However, the gamelan is also equipped with a flute, harp, and fiddle. Gamelan using two systems and slendro pelog tunings, namely the system of five tones and has had its own musical ambience, it is not categorized into the category of pentatonic. Gamelan called Gamelan Sukarame, which are relics of the Sultanate of Banten. Gamelan consists of: 4 large gong, a tap, 14 coral sumang or bonang way Bali, 14 bonang Kromong, 2 large xylophone, 3 small xylophone, xylophone gangsa 3, 8 saron, 5 successor, 2 bende; 2 kempul, 5 cempres , 2 small bell hanging from the shelf: a fiddle, a drum: and 3 small drums or ketimpung.
The difficulty is when collecting data, because the data contained in the book collections of the National Museum is not too much.




Banten's Gamelan